1790 - First successful case of human artificial insemination
is reported by Scottish surgeon John Hunter.
1884 - First successful case of U.S. human donor insemination
by physician, William Pancoast, at the Jefferson Medical College
1944 - First successful in
vitro fertilization (IVF) of a human egg (ovum) by physicians,
John Rock and Miriam Menkin.
1954 - First successful pregnancy using frozen sperm.
1969 - First successful IVF of an immature human egg (oocyte)
by Robert Edwards and Patrick Steptoe.
1977 - First IVF pregnancy achieved, however it is an unsuccessful
1978 - Louise Brown, the first IVF (or "test-tube")
baby, is born in England.
1981 - Elizabeth Jordan Carr, the first American baby to
be conceived by IVF, is born in Norfolk, Virginia.
1984 - First baby born from a frozen embryo. First baby
born using a donated egg.
1986 - Gamete Intrafallopian
Transfer ("GIFT") and Zygote
Intrafallopian Transfer ("ZIFT") technologies are
first successfully used.
1992 - First successful pregnancy using Intracytoplasmic
Sperm Injection ("ICSI").
1997 - First successful birth using frozen eggs.
2003 - 65-year-old becomes the oldest known woman in the
world to give birth using donated eggs from her niece and donated
sperm from her niece's husband.