ART - Talking to Children About Assisted Reproductive Technology

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Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Timeline

1790 - First successful case of human artificial insemination is reported by Scottish surgeon John Hunter.

1884 - First successful case of U.S. human donor insemination by physician, William Pancoast, at the Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia.

1944 - First successful in vitro fertilization (IVF) of a human egg (ovum) by physicians, John Rock and Miriam Menkin.

1954 - First successful pregnancy using frozen sperm.

1969 - First successful IVF of an immature human egg (oocyte) by Robert Edwards and Patrick Steptoe.

1977 - First IVF pregnancy achieved, however it is an unsuccessful pregnancy.

1978 - Louise Brown, the first IVF (or "test-tube") baby, is born in England.

1981 - Elizabeth Jordan Carr, the first American baby to be conceived by IVF, is born in Norfolk, Virginia.

1984 - First baby born from a frozen embryo. First baby born using a donated egg.

1986 - Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer ("GIFT") and Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer ("ZIFT") technologies are first successfully used.

1992 - First successful pregnancy using Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection ("ICSI").

1997 - First successful birth using frozen eggs.

2003 - 65-year-old becomes the oldest known woman in the world to give birth using donated eggs from her niece and donated sperm from her niece's husband.


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